Solana's bold design seeks to overcome the blockchain trilemma, a concept introduced by Ethereum developer Vitalik Buterin, in a sequence - specific manner. This trilemma explains three primary issues that blockchain developers confront when constructing them: decentralization, security, and scalability.
Anatoly Yakovenko, a former Qualcomm executive, founded Solana in 2017.
SOL is Solana's native and utility cryptocurrency that provides a means of transferring value as well as blockchain security through staking.
Solana utilizes an innovative hybrid consensus architecture that combines a novel proof-of-history (PoH) method with a lightning-fast synchronization engine based on proof-of-stake (PoS)
Here is a great resource for learning more about the Solana blockchain APIs.